Washington

Washington  View map

 

Major events in Washington State gaming history

1872

Pari-mutuel wagering begins and several tracks open in the ensuing years

1909

Horse racing and pari-mutuel wagering are banned

1933

Pari-mutuel wagering is authorized once again and the Horse Racing Commission is created
Longacres opens in August

1935

Playfair Race Course opens (on site of the original Spokane Race Course, first opened in 1901)

1937

Slot machines are allowed for registered private or nonprofit clubs

1952

State Supreme Court rules the law authorizing clubs to operate slot machines violates constitutional prohibition against lotteries

1961

Yakima Meadows opens in April

1971

The Legislature authorizes bingo, raffles and amusement games

1972

The state constitution is amended to allow gambling activities when authorized by either a 60% majority vote of the Legislature or a 60% vote of the people

1973

Social gambling activities for both charitable and commercial operators are authorized by legislature
The Washington State Gambling Commission is created

1974

Card rooms and social card games are authorized

1977

Charitable and nonprofit organizations are allowed to hold Reno Nights

1981

Limited simulcast wagering is authorized

1982

The Legislature creates a state lottery and ticket sales begin in November

1983

The Tulalip, Puyallup and Muckleshoot tribes begin operating the first tribal bingo games

1984

In January, Triple Choice (now the Daily Number) is the Lottery’s first draw game
The Lottery introduces Lotto in July

1987

Off-track wagering is authorized

1990

The Lottery introduces Quinto in May

1992

Tulalip Resort Casino opens in July as the first tribal casino operating under a Class III compact
Last year of racing at Longacres
Daily Keno is added to the Lottery’s lineup in November

1993

Nooksack River Casino opens in April

1994

Swinomish Northern Lights Casino opens in July

1995

Seven Cedars Casino opens in February, Muckleshoot Casino in May, Lucky Eagle Casino June, and Little Creek Casino in September
Clearwater Casino & Resort and Skagit Valley Casino Resort open in December

1996

Emerald Downs opens in June
Emerald Queen casino opens in December

1997

House-banked card games, such as blackjack, are authorized at commercial card rooms
Red Wind Casino opens in May

1998

Last year of racing at Yakima Meadows
Yakama Legends Casino opens in May

1999

Playfair fails to hold a race meet
In June, tribal casinos begin operating electronic gaming devices under the tribal lottery system

2000

Playfair Race Course reopens for simulcasting and one season of live racing
Quinault Beach Resort and Casino opens in May
Northern Quest Casino opens in December

2001

Full card simulcast wagering is authorized
Lucky Dog Casino opens in August
Playfair closes for good in July

2002

The Point Casino opens in February; Silver Reef Casino opens in April
Emerald Queen Casino I-5 opens in July
The Lottery begins Mega Millions sales in September

2003

Shoalwater Bay Casino opens in October
Okanogan Bingo Casino opens in December

2004

Off-track wagering facilities are allowed to operate year round
Coulee Dam Casino opens in January, Mill Bay Casino in February, and Angel of the Winds Casino in December
Quil Ceda Creek Night Club & Casino opens in September
Emerald Queen Hotel & Casino Fife opens in December, replacing the original Emerald Queen

2005

Advance deposit wagering is authorized

2006

Muckleshoot Casino II opens in August

2007

The Lottery adds Hit 5 in March, replacing Quinto

2008

Chewelah Casino and Two Rivers Casino open in August
The Lottery adds Match 4 in August
Snoqualmie Casino opens in November

2010

Powerball sales begin in January

2011

The Legislature directs the Lottery to hold an annual Veteran’s Raffle, to be drawn November 11 of each year; it ran for three years

2015

12 Tribes Casino Resort opens in June, replacing the Okanogan Bingo Casino
Nooksack River Casino closes in December

2017

ilani Casino Resort opens April 24

Casinos and casino-style gaming

Social gaming was authorized in 1973 for commercial food and beverage locations as well as non-profit organizations. The initial approved games included amusement games, bingo, raffles and punchboards/pulltabs. Card rooms, social card games and mahjongg were added in 1974.

During fiscal year 2015, there were an average of 893 commercial licensees reporting revenues from punchboards/pulltabs, 64 licensees reporting card room activity and 73 licensees with amusement games.

Washington State Gambling Commission
P.O. Box 42400
Olympia, WA  98504
Phone (360) 486-3440

 

Tribal gaming

There are 29 tribes with Class III gaming compacts in Washington. Of those, 24 tribes have gaming operations and they operate a total of 32 gaming facilities, including some with just bingo or Class II games.

Confederated Tribes and Bands of the Yakama Nation – Yakama Legends Casino
Confederated Tribes of the Chehalis Reservation – Lucky Eagle Casino
Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation Washington – Coulee Dam Casino, Mill Bay Casino, 12 Tribes Resort Casino
Cowlitz Tribe – ilani Casino Resort
Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe – Seven Cedars Casino
Kalispel Indian Community of the Kalispel Reservation – Northern Quest Casino
Lower Elwha Tribal Community of the Lower Elwha Reservation – Elwha River Casino (Class II)
Lummi Tribe of the Lummi Reservation – Silver Reef Casino
Muckleshoot Indian Tribe of the Muckleshoot Reservation – Muckleshoot Casino, Muckleshoot Casino II, Muckleshoot Indian Bingo
Nisqually Indian Tribe of the Nisqually Reservation – Red Wind Casino
Nooksack Indian Tribe of Washington – Northwood Casino (Class II)
Port Gamble Indian Community of the Port Gamble Reservation – The Point Casino
Puyallup Tribe of the Puyallup Reservation – Emerald Queen Casino I-5, Emerald Queen Hotel & Casino Fife
Quinault Tribe of the Quinault Reservation – Quinault Beach Resort and Casino
Shoalwater Bay Tribe of the Shoalwater Bay Indian Reservation – Shoalwater Bay Casino
Skokomish Indian Tribe of the Skokomish Reservation – Lucky Dog Casino
Snoqualmie Tribe, Washington – Snoqualmie Casino
Spokane Tribe of the Spokane Reservation, Washington – Chewelah Casino, Two Rivers Casino
Squaxin Island Tribe of the Squaxin Island Reservation, Washington – Little Creek Casino
Stillaguamish Tribe of Washington – Angel of the Winds Casino
Suquamish Indian Tribe of the Port Madison Reservation, Washington – Clearwater Casino & Resort
Swinomish Indians of the Swinomish Reservation, Washington – Swinomish Casino and Lodge
Tulalip Tribes of the Tulalip Reservation, Washington – Quil Ceda Creek Night Club & Casino, Tulalip Bingo, Tulalip Resort Casino
Upper Skagit Indian Tribe of Washington – Skagit Valley Casino Resort

Lottery

Washington’s Lottery began ticket sales in November 1982 with instant games. The current game offerings include instant tickets, Powerball, Mega Millions, Lotto, Hit Five, Daily Game, Match 4 and Daily Keno.

Lottery proceeds benefit a variety of state programs as directed by the state legislature. Currently, beneficiaries include the Washington Opportunity Pathways Account for education programs and priorities, the Economic Development Account, the Problem Gambling Account, stadium debt payments and the General Fund.

Washington’s Lottery
P.O. Box 43000
Olympia, WA 98504-3000
Phone (360) 664-4800

 

Pari-mutuel facilities

There is one commercial racetrack in Washington and four non-profit racetracks (at Dayton, Kennewick-Sun Downs, Waitsburg and Walla Walla). Off-track wagering was authorized in 1987 and there are currently 15 OTB locations, including those at tribal casinos.

Emerald Downs
2300 Emerald Downs Drive
Auburn, WA 98001
                   
Washington Horse Racing Commission
6326 Martin Way, Suite 209
Olympia, WA 98516
Phone (360) 459-6462 

 

Charitable gaming

Non-profit organizations may offer the same social games as commercial operators, including bingo, punchboards/pulltabs, card rooms, raffles and amusement games. They may also offer fundraising events such as Reno nights.

Washington State Gambling Commission
P.O. Box 42400
Olympia, WA  98504
Phone (360) 486-3440

Last updated on April 26, 2017